Traffic Ops - Installing¶
The user must have the following for a successful minimal install:
- CentOS 7
- 2 VMs with at least 2 vCPUs, 4GB RAM, 20 GB disk space each
- Access to Centos Base and epel repositories
- Access to The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN)
As of version 2.0 only Postgres is supported as the database. This documentation assumes CentOS 7.2 and Postgresql 9.6.3. For a production install
Navigating the Install¶
To begin the install:
- Install Postgres
For a production install it is best to install postgres on it’s own server/VM. To install postgres, on the postgres host (pg)pg-$ sudo su - pg-# yum -y update pg-# yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-7-x86_64/pgdg-centos96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm pg-# yum -y install postgresql96-server pg-$ su - postgres pg-$ /usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/initdb -A md5 -W #-W forces the user to provide a superuser (postgres) password
/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/pg_hba.confto allow your traffic ops app server access. For example if you are going to install traffic ops on
184.108.40.206add:host all all 220.127.116.11/32 md5
to the appropriate section of this file. Edit the
/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/postgresql.conffile to add the approriate listen_addresses or
listen_addresses = '*', set
timezone = 'UTC', and start the database:pg-$ exit pg-# systemctl enable postgresql-9.6 pg-# systemctl start postgresql-9.6 pg-# systemctl status postgresql-9.6
Build Traffic Ops
Build a Traffic Ops rpm using the instructions under the Building Traffic Control page.
Install the postgresql 9.6 yum repository access.to-$ sudo su - to-# yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-7-x86_64/pgdg-centos96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm
Install the rpm built in step 2.
to-# yum -y install ./dist/traffic_ops-2.0.0-xxxx.yyyyyyy.el7.x86_64.rpm
Install some additional packages that it depends on that were not installed as dependecies in the previous step (these are for the 2.0.0 install, this may change, but the pre-installs won’t hurt):to-# yum -y install git to-# wget -q https://storage.googleapis.com/golang/go1.8.3.linux-amd64.tar.gz to-# tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.8.3.linux-amd64.tar.gz to-# PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin # go bins are needed in the path for postinstall to-# go get bitbucket.org/liamstask/goose/cmd/goose
At this point you should be able to login to the database from the
tohost to the
pghost like:to-# psql -h 18.104.22.168 -U postgres Password for user postgres: psql (9.6.3) Type "help" for help. postgres=#
Use this connectivity to create the user and database. In this example, we use user:
traffic_ops:to-# psql -U postgres -h 22.214.171.124 -c "CREATE USER traffic_ops WITH ENCRYPTED PASSWORD 'tcr0cks';" Password for user postgres: CREATE ROLE to-# createdb traffic_ops --owner traffic_ops -U postgres -h 126.96.36.199 Password: to-#
Now, run the following command as root:
The postinstall will first get all packages needed from CPAN. This may take a while, expect up to 30 minutes on the first install. If there are any prompts in this phase, please just answer with the defaults (some CPAN installs can prompt for install questions).
When this phase is complete, you will see:Complete! Modules were installed into /opt/traffic_ops/app/local
Some additional files will be installed, and then it will proceed with the next phase of the install, where it will ask you about the local environment for your CDN. Please make sure you remember all your answers and the database answers match the database information previously used to create the database.
Example output:===========/opt/traffic_ops/app/conf/production/database.conf=========== Database type [Pg]: Database type: Pg Database name [traffic_ops]: Database name: traffic_ops Database server hostname IP or FQDN [localhost]: 188.8.131.52 Database server hostname IP or FQDN: 184.108.40.206 Database port number : Database port number: 5432 Traffic Ops database user [traffic_ops]: Traffic Ops database user: traffic_ops Password for Traffic Ops database user: Re-Enter Password for Traffic Ops database user: Writing json to /opt/traffic_ops/app/conf/production/database.conf Database configuration has been saved ===========/opt/traffic_ops/app/db/dbconf.yml=========== Database server root (admin) user [postgres]: Database server root (admin) user: postgres Password for database server admin: Re-Enter Password for database server admin: Download Maxmind Database? [yes]: Download Maxmind Database?: yes ===========/opt/traffic_ops/app/conf/cdn.conf=========== Generate a new secret? [yes]: Generate a new secret?: yes Number of secrets to keep? : Number of secrets to keep?: 10 Not setting up ldap ===========/opt/traffic_ops/install/data/json/users.json=========== Administration username for Traffic Ops [admin]: Administration username for Traffic Ops: admin Password for the admin user: Re-Enter Password for the admin user: Writing json to /opt/traffic_ops/install/data/json/users.json ===========/opt/traffic_ops/install/data/json/openssl_configuration.json=========== Do you want to generate a certificate? [yes]: Country Name (2 letter code): US State or Province Name (full name): CO Locality Name (eg, city): Denver Organization Name (eg, company): Super CDN, Inc Organizational Unit Name (eg, section): Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname): RSA Passphrase: Re-Enter RSA Passphrase: ===========/opt/traffic_ops/install/data/json/profiles.json=========== Traffic Ops url [https://localhost]: Traffic Ops url: https://localhost Human-readable CDN Name. (No whitespace, please) [kabletown_cdn]: blue cdn Human-readable CDN Name. (No whitespace, please): blue cdn DNS sub-domain for which your CDN is authoritative [cdn1.kabletown.net]: blue-cdn.supercdn.net DNS sub-domain for which your CDN is authoritative: blue-cdn.supercdn.net Writing json to /opt/traffic_ops/install/data/json/profiles.json Downloading Maxmind data --2017-06-11 15:32:41-- http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLite2-City.mmdb.gz Resolving geolite.maxmind.com (geolite.maxmind.com)... 2400:cb00:2048:1::6810:262f, 2400:cb00:2048:1::6810:252f, 220.127.116.11, ... Connecting to geolite.maxmind.com (geolite.maxmind.com)|2400:cb00:2048:1::6810:262f|:80... connected. ... much SQL output skipped Starting Traffic Ops Restarting traffic_ops (via systemctl): [ OK ] Waiting for Traffic Ops to restart Success! Postinstall complete. to-# ifconfig
Explanation of the information that needs to be provided:
Field Description Database type Pg Database name The name of the database Traffic Ops uses to store the configuration information Database server hostname IP or FQDN The hostname of the database server Database port number The database port number Traffic Ops database user The username Traffic Ops will use to read/write from the database Password for traffic ops The password for the above database user Database server root (admin) user name Privileged database user that has permission to create the database and user for Traffic Ops Database server root (admin) user password The password for the above privileged database user Traffic Ops url The URL to connect to this instance of Traffic Ops, usually https://<traffic ops host FQDN>/ Human-readable CDN Name The name of the first CDN traffic Ops will be managing DNS sub-domain for which your CDN is authoritative The DNS domain that will be delegated to this Traffic Control CDN Administration username for Traffic Ops The Administration (highest privilege) Traffic Ops user to create; use this user to login for the first time and create other users Password for the admin user The password for the above user
Traffic Ops is now installed!
To complete the Traffic Ops Setup See: Traffic Ops - Default Profiles
Upgrading Traffic Ops¶
- Enter the following command:
service traffic_ops stop
- Enter the following command:
yum upgrade traffic_ops
- Enter the following command from the /opt/traffic_ops/app directory:
PERL5LIB=/opt/traffic_ops/app/lib:/opt/traffic_ops/app/local/lib/perl5 ./db/admin.pl --env production upgrade
- See Traffic Ops - Installing to run postinstall.
- Enter the following command:
service traffic_ops start